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Football has become a lot more dynamic throughout the last decades. As a result, the transition phases have become more and more important. This rang the bell for a new concept on how to react after losing the ball: Gegenpressing. It is the concept of regaining possession immediately after the loss of the ball by pressing the opposition. With this approach, Liverpool enchants supporters as well as tacticians. Nowadays, Klopp is just one example for coaches who make use of counter-pressing. Several world-class teams such as Barcelona, Bayern and Manchester City all under Guardiola and the sides of Sarri deploy the method with success. In top-level football, teams need approximately six seconds to organise after winning the ball. Counter-pressing is the concept to use this timeframe of disorganisation of the opposition to quickly regain possession. As six seconds is not a huge amount of time, Gegenpressing affords quick and intense runs. That is why this approach requires players with good endurance and a lot of pace. Furthermore, taking a look at the teams that use counter-pressing, it is clear that all sides like to be in possession. Confidence to possess the ball and to play a constructive style of football is the foundation of counter-pressing. As in the last article How to Practice a High Presswe are going to create principles for the players to follow. Therefore we establish instructions out of the most important aspects that influence our counter-pressing. To begin with, a basic rule of defending is to minimize space and thereby maximize pressure. That is why one should make sure that players bravely move towards the ball when transitioning from attack to defence. As one needs a compact shape to decrease space to a minimum, short distances between players are necessary. A Gegenpressing situation should always be prepared during the possession phase. To provoke situations where the players do not need much time to get into a compact shape, it is useful to keep the passes short. The space where the ball is, is always the tightest area of the pitch. These assumptions lead to our second principle:. Since in football the time between possession and being dispossessed can be really short, it is necessary to prepare for a possible loss of the ball during the possession phase. Especially defenders should ensure a good rest defence. Clarifying responsibilities can save a crucial amount of time whenever the team loses the ball.

Who invented gegenpressing

There are hundreds of soccer leagues spread across the face of the globe, and each country has its own understanding of and terminology for the beautiful game. With so many factors at play, there are always big questions to answer. These are the types of conundrums we at Paste seek to answer in our weekly Soccer Primer. The German manager has been utilizing the tactic, in various forms, since his time with a newly-promoted Mainz side in Take a look at this footage of the team taking on an overmatched Argentina squad during the second stage of the group phase:. The fundamental features of a high-pressing system are all there: swarming defenders, hard tackles, and a frustrated opponent resorting to long balls or forced into poor passes. The match finished in favor of the Dutch, who were able to relax into a more staid defensive approach after jumping out to a lead in the first 25 minutes. Legendary manager Arrigo Sacchi he of famous equestrian quotes further adapted this method with his legendary Milan teams of the 80s and 90s. In response to the ultra-defensive approach favored by most Italian teams of that era, Sacchi implored his players to regain possession higher up the pitch, which would naturally lead to greater goal-scoring opportunities. To do so, the Italian mastermind utilized deliberate spacing and a high defensive line the hallmarks of the modern gegenpress frustrate opposition possession. As such, the modern usage of pressing is not by any means solely the domain of Klopp. For example, Pep Guardiola has consistently utilized counter-pressing tactics with both Barcelona and Bayern Munich. The Spaniard is a devout follower of the Gospel of Possession, believing that keeping the ball is the safest form of defense. Guardiola therefore places a premium on ball retention in order to preserve attacking shape. This, in turn, keeps an opponent from getting into any sort of passing rhythm and limits the likelihood of a successful counter attack. As history has shown, most coaches have utilized high-pressure defending as a means to an end: regaining possession. This follows the standard dogma that more possession logically leads to more opportunities and thus, more goals. Klopp, however, saw the beauty in eliminating the middleman and instead opted to use counter-pressing as an actual part of the attack. Klopp commonly opts for a narrow with width provided by marauding fullbacks. When defending, a high back line effectively crowds the midfield, allows for players to hunt in packs, and makes passing through the center an unsavory proposition for opponents. This is all done in an effort to win back the ball as high up the pitch as possible. The opponent is still looking for orientation where to pass the ball. He will have taken his eyes off the game to make his tackle or interception and he will have expended energy. Both make him vulnerable. The gegenpress operates on the basic assumption that a team that has just lost possession especially while attempting to counter is in its most vulnerable state. The more rapidly you exploit that vulnerability, the more likely you are to score. For the system to function effectively, however, the dual pillars of fitness and intelligence are paramount. Players must be capable of rapidly closing down space and hassling an opponent in an intentional manner without committing the sin of fouling or the sin of diving in and leaving your teammates exposed. If you need more proof of that, just ask any Manchester City fan. Share Tweet Submit Pin.

Gegenpressing pronunciation

Gegenpressing is the strategy of winning the ball back as soon as it has been lost, based on the insight that the player who has just won the ball is vulnerable, as he may be still getting the ball under control. He may not have the time to fully scan the distribution of his mates and opponents. It relies a great deal on speed and organisation, looking to pressure the man with the ball. The idea is to regain possession quickly as high up the pitch as possible, thus countering the counter-attack. Essentially, it is the style of the decade. The tactic needs 10 Energiser Bunny-like players who are relentless in their pursuit of the ball when they are dispossessed. The strategy is not down to a single player, but every single one on the team - midfielders, wingers, strikers, defenders. Gegenpressing also feeds on the rambunctious support of the crowd. With the famed yellow wall of the Dortmund and the Anfield crowd, Klopp has been really lucky to have such a vociferous twelfth man who can egg on the home side with a continuous stream of chants and boisterous songs. They cheer loudly when the side is leading and even louder while trailing, never letting the tempo cool off. In both cases, the noise, the colour and sheer size make for an intimidating sight. It is as pulsating to the ears as his team is to the eyes. In the words of Sir Alex Ferguson, though in a different context - 'Football, bloody hell! Klopp has the best record against the best coach of this decade. The record was further boosted by yesterday's shellacking of Manchester City by Liverpool in their Champions League quarter-final first leg tie. The 6 losses vs Klopp are Guardiola's most vs any manager. Earlier in January, it took Liverpool's high pressing to hand Manchester City their first defeat in the league. A good analysis of the victory at Anfield can be seen here:. For the system to function, players have to be fit and intelligent, capable of rapidly closing down spaces without fouling the opponent. Klopp's full throttle version can be exhausting. A team also needs to understand when to stop pressing: the ball cannot be hunted relentlessly. All the running, haring, hounding, intercepting, sprinting, tracking, tackling, jostling, makes the team reliant on younger players by default and Klopp is a firm believer in youth. The system also requires players of high technical ability and work rate and he's been able to raise the level of the squad to achieve that. The best-laid plans can fail due to an error in judgement or a lapse in concentration. Gegenpressing has a tendency to fizzle out, during the final quarter of a match, when the player battery is draining rapidly. It can be also undone when the other team has a sweeper keeper because once that initial moment - when the opponent has gained possession - has passed, it is not that difficult to hit a long ball into space behind the pressing defence. Be that as it may, that is true of every footballing tactic. An antidote always exists. Right now though, Klopp's version is working like a charm. Liverpool, under Klopp, guarantee an entertaining, D-to-D, thrill-a-minute ride.

Gegenpressing liverpool

Literally, it means counter-pressing in German. But counter-pressing is not to pressing what counterattacking is to attacking. The fundamental principle is to start pressing as soon as you lose the ball, so that you could regain possession. Usually, when teams concede possession, especially in the opposition half, they retreat to reorganise their shape, bolstering the defence for the offensive onslaught. But it was not the defining theme of these teams, but one of their facets. Later, Italian strategist Arrigo Sacchi wove the tactics of gegenpressing into his highly successful Milan teams of the late s and s to counter the ultra-defensive approach of Serie A rivals at that time. So defensively structured were the Italian teams that he realised that regaining possession higher up the pitch was the only way they could create more goal-scoring opportunities. But it was Klopp who refined the idea and morphed the pressing game into an ideology, as a way of playing football rather than as a means-achieving method, during his early coaching days with Mainz. The pressing game always existed, but gegenpressing began with Klopp. Klopp, a pragmatist rather than a fundamentalist, was quick to realise he had to tinker with his tactics, depending on the football culture of the country and the men at his disposal. In Dortmund, he had an exemplary hold-up striker in Robert Lewandowski; so he shaped his side into a narrowwith his men pressing uncomfortably close to their opponents. The fullbacks would often track back rapidly to regain the defensive shape. So Firmino drops into the hole between the opposition defence and midfield, acting like a link-man of sorts, distracting the defenders and providing space for the wing-men. Moreover, Klopp found the English league more defensive-minded—defenders were happy passing the ball among themselves rather than panicking when pressed. They were so efficient at hoofing the long balls that Liverpool was more vulnerable to counterattacks. So he decongested the press and moved it more towards the centre of the field the Dortmund heat-map was always on the wings and extremely clustered. The core though remains the same—robust central midfielders and fast defenders, adept at quick offensive and defensive transitioning. Pressing is fundamental to both. Both press to regain possession, but while Liverpool charges forth with snappy counters, ratcheting up the tempo, Barcelona used to decelerate and resume their passing game and keep possession for long periods, restructuring themselves. His teams were so structured that he disliked the chaos of a gegenpress situation. But Klopp was a radical—his men would converge onto the ball-carrying opposition player. Horizontal compactness is so central to his style. At the same time, Klopp has of late in the big games, embraced the passing game, inclined to keep more possession than he usually does. No tactic is invincible or invulnerable.

Klopp style of play

There are so many different tactical philosophies in football and they are constantly evolving, with coaches forced to innovate in order to crack a conundrum on the pitch. Gegenpressing has become a popular playing style, with teams in GermanyEngland and further afield implementing the approach to playing. So what is gegenpressingwho invented it and which teams use it? Goal brings you everything you need to know. Gegenpressingwhich is German for 'counter pressing', is a tactical philosophy that has been popularised by Jurgen Klopp's Borussia Dortmund and Liverpool teams. The essence of the philosophy is not only that teams press their opponents, but that they do so with particular focus and zeal when the ball is in the opposition territory; in effect, countering the counter-attack. It requires the forward line to commit to a lot of running as they are instructed to rapidly close down opposition defenders in order to force an error when an attempt is made to play the ball out from the back. Klopp explained: " Gegenpressing lets you win back the ball nearer to the goal. It's only one pass away from a really good opportunity. No playmaker in the world can be as good as a good gegenpressing situation, and that's why it's so important. The intense pressing game is, naturally, stuctured insofar as it involves the targeting of weak links in the defence - those least adept on the ball, for instance - and it involves careful calculation of risk. So, while it is important in gegenpressing to maintain a high level of pressing throughout the game, players must be able to evaluate when to fall back into a defensive position in order to conserve energy. It simply cannot function if a team is completely exhausted or prone to injury. However, it is not just the forward line who play their part in the gegenpressing system. The entire team must be correctly positioned in order to support the press from the front by closing down any potential passing options for the opponent who has the ball. Part of the thinking behind this unitary pressing is that it allows the team that presses greater options in the counter-attack which arises from the counter-press. So, if the likes of full-backs Andy Robertson and Trent Alexander Arnold are pushed up, they are better placed to play devastating crosses once the ball is won back. Gegenpressing is often attributed to Jurgen Klopp and the Schwarzwald native certainly applied his own particular spin to a longstanding tradition of pressing football. Under Sacchi, the Rossoneri became the ultimate purveyors of the pressing game in the late s into the s, winning two European Cups and a Serie A title. Other coaches can also lay claim to the title of being the master of perfecting the pressing game, not least Marcelo Bielsawhose dogmatic application of a pressing game where his players "run all the time" has even led to accusations of 'Bielsa Burnout'. Gegenpressing has been used by Klopp at every team he has coached. I like heavy metal more. I always want it loud. Since taking over as Liverpool boss inKlopp has chiselled the Anfield club in his image and the gegenpressing style is very much a part of that. One such example is Jupp Heynckes, who deployed a gegenpress in his treble-winning Bayern Munich team, while RB Leipzig play something similar under Julian Nagelsmann, whose Hoffenheim team did likewise. Ryan Kelly. Goal takes a look at the style of football that has become synonymous with Liverpool and is spreading throughout the world. More teams.

Gegenpress translation

There are various individual skills and team tactics needed to play effective association football. Football is in theory a very simple game, as illustrated by Kevin Keegan 's famous assertion that his tactics for winning a match were to "score more goals than the opposition". However, well-organised and well-prepared teams are often seen beating teams with supposedly more skillful players, even over time. Coaching manuals and books generally cover not only individual skills but tactics as well. Some of the tactics include using a formation signifying 4 defenders, 4 midfielders and 2 strikers which is often regarded as the standard formation, a formation of which is more defensive and a formation which allows for more attacking play. Width and depth are both principles of offense and defence as follows: [1] [2]. This can also be used to mean that once a player has passed the ball he does not remain stationary but moves into a position where he can receive the ball again and give more options to the player in possession. Free kicks and dead-ball restarts come into play following a foul or other infractions. Indirect free kicks must be touched by another player before any shot is taken. Direct free kicks can be made directly on goal. Offensive players attempt numerous tricks to beat the defenders, who often form a solid wall of players directly in front of the goal. Attackers may attempt to blast the ball through the defensive wall, or curl it over or around using spin. A less common idea is to hit the ball powerfully and straight along the floor, since the defenders in the wall usually jump to try and prevent a shot being lifted over their heads. A goal kick is an important 'set piece' that will occur many times in a game and yet few teams practice it. If taken quickly the kick may be taken short to a full-back who has run into a wide position. Although this may gain little ground it retains the all-important possession of the ball. A longer kick to the midfield is more common and it is vital that the midfield unit are in a position to receive it. Some goalkeepers may take advantage of no offside rule while taking a Goal Kick to quickly pass the ball to a striker while the opposite team is still repositioning. One of the best examples of this tactic is Ederson Moraeswho often takes advantage of his strong and precise long kick to catch the opposition off guard. A corner kick or "corner" is a real goal scoring opportunity and it is essential to know who is the best at taking a good corner from both the left and right side of the pitch. A good corner will be aimed high across the goal and may be 'bent' towards or away from the goal. At least one of the forwards should be on or close to the goal line when the kick is taken. Another tactic on a corner is to let the best shooter stay in the back "trash" position and have the defence worried about those up front. The player taking the corner kick makes a small pass back to the trash shooter who has time and space to take a good shot. All eleven players on the pitch have a defensive role. Which roles they are assigned, depends on tactics. In principle, there are two ways of defending, zone defence and man-to-man defense. In a zone defence, defensive players mainly move in relation to each other, whereas a man-to-man defence mainly moves in relation to opposing players. Whenever defensive players are given, or give themselves, a larger degree of freedom, hybrids of the two are seen. The first defender has the main responsibility for what the opponent in possession does, seeking to obstruct dangerous passes. The initial few seconds after a team has lost the ball are important, as the newly-defending team in these seconds will be poorly organised defensively. Wise first defending will contribute to the defending team managing to organise before the opponents attack. The first defender should usually be the player closest to the opponent holding possession, but needs to be at the defending side of him in order to do an effective job. He or she should keep a distance of about 2 metres, although the ideal distance will vary with each situation. The point is to pressure the opponent as much as possible without giving him a large possibility of a dribble. As a dribble isn't as dangerous when the defending team is well organised, the distance may be shorter in these cases.

Gegenpressing vs tiki-taka

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Gegenpress wiki

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